Scheduling for Dense Wireless Networks
We study device-to-device (D2D) enabled hierarchical cellular networks consisting of a macro base station (BS), a dense network of access nodes (ANs) and mobile users, where spectrum is shared between cellular traffic and D2D traffic. Further, (the receivers of) mobile users dynamically time-share between the cellular and D2D networks. We develop algorithms for channel allocation and mobile-user receiver mode selection (choosing which network to participate in) with the objectives of minimizing delay for cellular traffic, and capacity maximization for D2D traffic. Our proposed solution takes advantage of the unique features offered by large and densified cellular networks such as multi-point connectivity, channel diversity, spatial reuse and load distribution.
Given a BS-to-mobile delay requirement of (specified in the number of time-slots before packet expiry), we show that by appropriately scheduling channels and receiver modes, we can (with exponentially high probability) guarantee that cellular traffic reaches its intended destination within the delay constraint. By leveraging spatial channel reuse, we show that this is achieved by utilizing a vanishingly small fraction of the available spatial capacity. Further, in the presence of delay-constrained cellular traffic, our scheduling algorithm guarantees D2D traffic can achieve rates within a (1- 1/d) factor of the corresponding achievable rates without cellular traffic, where d is the delay requirement for cellular traffic.
Reference: S. Krishnasamy and S. Shakkottai, "Spectrum Sharing and Scheduling in D2D-Enabled Dense Cellular Networks”, To appear in Proc. of the 13th International Symposium on Modeling and Optimization in Mobile, Ad Hoc and Wireless Networks (WiOpt 2015), May 2015.